French President Emmanuel Macron announced in a statement on Sunday that Missak Manouchian, a survivor of the Armenian genocide who went on to become a hero of the French Resistance, will enter France next year for an honorable mention. The Pantheon Mausoleum of revered historical figures.
“Mnuchin is part of our greatness,” Macron said in a statement from the Elysee Palace, adding that the Franco-Armenian poet and communist embodies France’s “universal values” of liberty, equality and fraternity .
According to the wishes of his family, his wife Mélinée will enter the mausoleum with him, although she will not accept her husband’s “pantheonization” – a rare tribute reserved only for those who have played an important role in French history. such as VHugo, Voltaire and Marie Curie.
After fleeing the Armenian genocide with his brother, Manouchian arrived in France as a stateless refugee in 1925 and joined the country’s communist resistance in 1943 during World War II. He led a small group of fighters in a series of successful raids against the occupying Nazi forces.
Arrests and the Red Poster Movement
In 1944, 23 members of the group, including some Jews, were rounded up and sentenced to death by a German court-martial, and the group was forced to cease its activities.
On February 21, 1944, Mnuchin was shot dead by a Nazi firing squad.
The collaborating Vichy regime later sought to discredit the group and defuse anger over the execution in an infamous red poster depicting the dead fighters as terrorists.
By entering the Pantheon, Manuchian will become the first foreign and communist resistance fighter to receive the honor.
In his tribute, Macron also pointed to the “bravery” and “quiet heroism” of Mnuchin and other foreign resistance fighters.
Macron adorned the Valerian site with Robert Birenbaum — a member of the foreign resistance alongside Mnuchin — and the Nazis executed Mnuchin and other resistance members.
(Reported by Agence France-Presse on the 24th)